Martin Luther King, Jr.

“I Have a Dream”

Miller, Keith D. and Colleen Wilkowski. “How Samuel Smith and a Parade of Anthem Enthusiasts Created the Conclusion of ‘I Have a Dream’: Martin Luther King’s Refusal to Extemporize.” Critical Insights: Martin Luther King, Jr. Ed. Robert Evans. Amenia, NY: Salem P, 2019. 102-115.

Miller, Keith D. “Second Isaiah Lands in Washington, D.C.: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s ‘I Have a Dream’ as Biblical Narrative and Biblical Hermeneutic.” Rhetoric Review 26 (2007): 405-424.
• This essay received the Theresa Enos Award for Best Essay of the Year.

Miller, Keith D.  “Beacon Light and Penumbra: African American Gospel Lyrics and Martin Luther King, Jr.’s ‘I Have a Dream.'”  The Role of Ideas in the Civil Rights South.  Ed. Ted Ownby.  Oxford, MS: U of Mississippi P, 2002.  55-67.

Vander Lei, Elizabeth and Keith D. Miller.  “Martin Luther King, Jr.’s ‘I Have a Dream’ in Context: Ceremonial Protest and the African American Jeremiad.” College English 62 (1999): 83-99. 

Miller, Keith D. and Emily Lewis.  “Touchstones, Authorities, and Marian Anderson: The Making of ‘I Have a Dream.'”  The Making of Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Civil Rights Movement.  Ed. Brian Ward and Tony Badger.  London: MacMillan, 1996.  147-161. 

Miller, Keith D., Gerardo de los Santos, and Ondra Winterspoon.  “Recovering ‘I Have a Dream.'”  Left Margins: Cultural Studies and Composition Pedagogy.  Ed. Karen Fitts and Alan France. Albany: State U of New York P, 1995.  83-98. 

Miller, Keith D. “Voice Merging and Self-Making: The Epistemology of ‘I Have a Dream.'” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 19 (1989): 23-32. *This essay identifies, for the first time, Archibald Carey’s speech from 1952 as King’s direct source for the conclusion of “I Have a Dream.” Scholars have accepted this attribution.


Miller, Keith D. “Preface.” My Life with Charles Billups and Martin Luther King: Trauma and the Civil Rights Movement by Baker, Rene Billups (with Keith D. Miller).  Phoenix: Peacock Proud, 2019.

Miller, Keith D.  “All Nations, One Blood, Three Hundred Years: Martin Luther King, Jr., Fannie Lou Hamer, and Civil Rights Rhetoric as Transatlantic Abolitionism.”  Rhetoric across Borders.   Selected Papers from RSA Conference 2014.  Ed. Anne Demo.  Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2015.  71-82.   

Miller, Keith D. “On Martin Luther King, Jr., Fannie Lou Hamer, and the Large Landscape of Civil Rights Rhetoric.”  Rhetoric and Public Affairs 16 (Spring 2013): 167-183.

Miller, Keith D. “‘Plymouth Rock Landed on Us’: Malcolm X’s Whiteness Theory as a Basis for Alternative Literacy.” College Composition and Communication 56 (2004):  199-222.

Miller, Keith D. “Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X Interpret the Declaration of Independence.”  The Declaration of Independence: Origins and Impact.  Ed. Scott Douglas Gerber. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly P, 2002.  161-173.

Miller, Keith D. “Afterword” to Second Edition of Voice of Deliverance: The Language of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Its Sources.  Athens: U of Georgia P, 1998.  199-208.

Miller, Keith D.  “City Called Freedom: Biblical Metaphor in Spirituals, Gospel Lyrics, and the Civil Rights Movement.”  African Americans and the Bible.  Ed. Vincent Wimbush.  New York: Continuum, 2000.  546-557.

Miller, Keith D.  “Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Black Folk Pulpit.”  Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement: Controversies and Debates.  Ed. John Kirk.  New York and London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007.  71-75. 

Miller, Keith D. “Composing Martin Luther King, Jr.” PMLA 105 (1990): 70-82.

Miller, Keith D. “Epistemology of a Drum Major: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Black Folk Pulpit.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 18 (1988): 225-238.

Miller, Keith D. “Martin Luther King, Jr., Borrows a Revolution.” College English 48 (1986): 249-265.